Dock 3 and 4, Shimonoseki Shipyard, Mitsubishi Heavy-Industries, Ltd.
Since long ago Shimonoseki has been a key site for land and sea transport and known as a good port. It particularly has a flourishing history as a core port town in West Japan from the Meiji period (1868–1912). It was designated a special port of export for trade with Korea in 1889 and its importance further grew as the Kagoshima Line opened in 1891, the Sanyo Line in 1901, and the Shimonoseki-Busan Ferryboat in 1905. Many small-and-medium sized shipyards existed to repair the numerous ships that frequently plied the straits in the Kanmon region. Many of the shipyards had a facility called a dock for work that included building, repairing, mooring, and loading ships. Looking from an historical view, the docks built at this time are valuable properties that show the process of modernization in Japan in their structures. Dock 4 at Mitsubishi Heavy-Industries Shimonoseki Shipyard was constructed in 1916 by the local Enoura Zosen Cooperation Kabushiki Gaisha (shipbuilding company). It measured 55.6 meters in length, 10.5 meters in width, and had a depth of 4.4 meters, and could build and repair ships in the 1,000-ton class. Dock 3 was built in 1922 by Hikoshima Senkyo CooperationKabushiki Gaisha , which took over Enoura Zosen. It measured 82.8 meters in length, 16.3 meters in width, and had a depth of 5.9 meters. It could handle ships in the 4,000-ton class. Hikoshima Senkyo Cooperation ran into business trouble due to the post-WWI economic crisis and was bought by Osaka Iron Works (later, Hitachi Zosen Corporation) in 1924. Later, Mitsubishi Heavy-Industries Hikoshima Shipyard, which was designated a munitions company by the Munitions Companies Law announced inof 1943, bought Hitachi Senkyo Hikoshima Shipyard to expand its facilities. With this, Mitsubishi Heavy-Industries changed the name from Hikoshima Shipyard to Shimonoseki Shipyard. Docks 3 and 4 are still being used today as production facilities for Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Shimonoseki Shipyard to carry out work such as ship repair.
Address：6-16-1 Hikoshima Enoura, Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi Prefecture
Other/Notifications：Closed to the public.
Category: Constituent cultural properties
Genre: Story 3